The History of the Golden Retriever

golden retriever

golden retriever

 

As senior medical director for Ogilvy CommonHealth Medical Examination, Craig Gelband maintains a number of responsibilities, including overseeing the publication of professional education materials in various medical specialties. In his spare time, Craig Gelband remains active in efforts to rescue dogs, particularly golden retrievers. Considered one of the most popular breeds in North America, the golden retriever has a history tracing back to the 1800s.

Early development efforts for golden retrievers were led by Dudley Majoribanks, who in 1865 obtained Nous, the only yellow-coated puppy from a littler of black wavy-coated retrievers born the previous year in Brighton, England. He brought the dog back with him to his estate in the Scottish Highlands and later bred the animal with one of his Tweed water spaniels, a now extinct breed. In 1868, the Tweed water spaniel gave birth to her first litter of yellow-coated puppies, which became the foundation for the modern golden retriever.

Majoribanks started breeding the dogs based on a personal interest in developing a line of retrievers better suited to the Scottish climate and terrain. He continued the line by crossing wavy and flat-coated retrievers, other Tweed water spaniels, and a red setter with the descendants of the two original dogs. First exhibited in Britain in 1908, the golden retriever received official recognition from the Kennel Club in 1911, although its original classification read “retriever (golden and yellow).” The name “golden retriever” became official in 1920.

Although developed as a hunting dog, the golden retriever has since gained considerable popularity as a family companion thanks to its friendly temperament and compatibility with children and other pets. A versatile breed, golden retrievers also perform well in search-and-rescue, guidance, and other capacities.

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